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James Monroe OLIPHANT

James Monroe OLIPHANT

Male 1774 - 1849  (75 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Photos
    James Oliphant headstone
    James Oliphant headstone
    Mount Bethel Cemetery, Greeneville, Greene, Tennessee
    JamesOliphant Polly Compton marriage.png
    JamesOliphant Polly Compton marriage.png

  • Name James Monroe OLIPHANT 
    Born 1774  Rowan County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    157 acres 20 Jul 1804  Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Bought From Samuel oliphant 
    FamilySearch ID GQP1-ZGD 
    Residence 1810  Old Jefferson, Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Residence 1820  Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Residence 1840  Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Will written 1 Jan 1849  [1
    Died Feb 1849  Rutherford County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Will Proved 9 Mar 1849  Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Occupation Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    wheelwright, carpenter 
    Residence Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    District #3 Hart Springs 
    Residence Rutherford, Tennessee, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Hart's Spring and LaVergne 
    _UID 669A4F3D2AEB42B58F954DB28F940EDECA98 
    Person ID I29165  Carney Geneaology
    Last Modified 6 Dec 2021 

    Father Robert OLIPHANT,   b. 1755, Rowan County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1785, Rowan County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years) 
    Mother Rebecca CLAYTON,   b. 1747, Rowan County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1783, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years) 
    Married 7 Feb 1770  Rowan County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Alt. Marriage 7 Feb 1770  Rowan, North Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F14353  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary "Polly" COMPTON,   b. 1 Sep 1776, Culpepper County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1845, Rutherford County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Married 1 Sep 1797  Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Amelia E. OLIPHANT,   b. Abt 1805,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Presley Ward OLIPHANT,   b. 1810, Rutherford County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jun 1884, Williamson County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     3. Isaac Newton OLIPHANT,   b. 1812,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Samuel Roberts OLIPHANT,   b. 28 Feb 1812, Greene County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Nov 1893, Smeadly, Johnson Co. AR Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     5. Dr. James Madison OLIPHANT,   b. 30 Apr 1816, Greene County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1901, Greene County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     6. Andrew Issac OLIPHANT,   b. Abt 1818,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Martha A. OLIPHANT,   b. 1820,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Harriet N. OLIPHANT,   b. 16 Dec 1821, Greene, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1908  (Age 86 years)
     9. Franklin M. OLIPHANT,   b. 1825,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. William Smith OLIPHANT,   b. 3 Oct 1828, Greene, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Mar 1911, Barnesville, Lamar, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2016 
    Family ID F13793  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • James Oliphant/Oliphint was born in about 1774 in North Carolina. He was married in Davidson Co Tennessee to Polly Compton on 1 Sep 1797. In 1804, he purchased 157 acres from Samuel Oliphant for $314 which was a part of Samuel's 1801 purchase listed above. James appears in the 1810, 1820, and 1840 censuses of Rutherford County, and his will was written and proved in Rutherford County in 1849.

      Incorrect assumptions and connections primarily made in the 1980's by other researchers confuse this James Oliphant with another who married Jane Rankin. It is clear through Census records and other facts, that there were TWO lines, distinct and seperate.

      James Oliphant of Rutherford County and Mary Polly Compton had ten children, viz.: Samuel, Amelia, Harriet, Presley Ward who married Mary Leanne Fitzhugh and from whom I descend, Isaac, Andrew, William, James, Franklin, and Martha. The following will and add-ons apply:

      Will of James Oliphant
      The will, taken from the Rutherford County, Tennessee Court Records, Book 15, reads as follows:
      I James Oliphint of the county of Rutherford and State of Tennessee do make and
      publish this my will and testament hereby revoking and making void all former wills by me at any time heretofore made. First, I direct that my body be decently intered in a manner suitable to my condition in life in the burying ground on my own plantation by the side of my beloved wife; As to such worldly estate as it has pleased God to intrust me with; I dispose of the same as follows. First, I direct that all my debts and funeral expenses be paid as soon after my disease as possible out of any monies that may come into the hands of my Executor; Second, I direct that all my property both real and personal not otherwise disposed in this will be sold at public sale by my Executor, the land all together or in lots as may be thought most advisable by my Executor; Third I give and bequeath to my daughter Harriet N. Oliphint one good bed and furniture, one cow & calf this she never recd & my other children have; Fourth, I give to my Grand children Harriet Smelage, Frances Smelage & William Smelage fifty dollars each; Sixth, I reserve one half acre of ground including the burial ground, and I direct that fifty dollars out of any monies that may come into the hands of my Executor be appropriated to puting a good inclosure around the graves; Seventh, all the balance of my estate I give and direct
      to be equally divided among my children I.E. Samuel H. Oliphint, Prestley W. Oliphint,
      Isaac N. Oliphint, Hariet N. Oliphint, Andrew J. Oliphint, James M. Oliphint, Franklin
      M. Oliphint and William C. Oliphint; Not considering my daughter Harriet N. Oliphint in a situation suitable to transail her own business I wish and direct that Prestley W. Oliphint be appointed her Guardian and that he take charge of her & her estate. And I do hereby make ordain and appoint my neighbor & friend John F. Blair Executor to this my last will and testament written on one sheet of paper, in witness whereof I James Oliphint the said testator have to this my last will set my hand and seal in the year of our Lord one thousand and eight hundred and forty nine and January the first day.
      Signed sealed & published
      in presence of us
      I. N. Oliphint James Oliphint (Seal)
      A. J. Oliphint
      James W Blair
      J. C. Gooch

      The will was recorded 9 Mar 1849 by witnesses Blair and Gooch
      John F. Blair notified that James Oliphint was deceased and he was appointed Executor,
      dated 10 Mar 1849.
      An inventory of the property of James Oliphint sold was dated 20 Mar 1849, and recorded 18 Jul 1849.
      An additional return of the property of James Oliphint was recorded on 7 Mar 1851.
      Final settlement recorded 26 Jun 1851.

      GOOD INFO Found at http://www.jsscott.com/tennesseeheritage/html/I1383.html to help clarify false assumptions.

      Summary of events:
      1783 - Davidson County formed
      1796 - Tennessee becomes state
      1797 - James marries Polly
      1803 - Rutherford County formed from Davidson County
      1804 - James named in first meeting of the court of Rutherford Co to the first grand jury.
      1804 - James purchases 157 acres in Rutherford County from Samuel Oliphant.
      1810 - James in 1810 census for Rutherford Co.
      1820 - James in 1820 census for Rutherford Co. as James Olivent
      1840 - James in 1840 census for Rutherford Co. as Jas. Oliphint
      1849 - James' will written in Jan, proved in March

  • Sources 
    1. [S1160] FamilySearch Family Tree (http://www.familysearch.org), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ((http://www.familysearch.org)), accessed 6 Dec 2021), entry for James Monroe OLIPHANT, person ID GQP1-ZGD. (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S1160] FamilySearch Family Tree (http://www.familysearch.org), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ((http://www.familysearch.org)), accessed 11 Dec 2021), entry for Robert OLIPHANT, person ID KC6Z-DFS. (Reliability: 3).