ROYAL LINEAGES and links to author James H. Carney - just a FEW samples...
Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig (WIKI) (926 or 941–23 April 1014) (known as Brian Boru in English) was High King of Ireland from 1002 to 1014. Although the exact details of his birth are unknown, he was born in the mid tenth century near Killaloe (Kincora) (in modern County Clare). His father was Cennétig mac Lorcáin, King of Thomond and his mother was Bé Binn ingen Murchada, daughter of the King of West Connacht. He subsequently united most of the Irish Kings and Chieftains to defeat the Danish King of Dublin who led an army of Irish and Vikings at the Battle of Clontarf.
Henry I of England (Wiki) (c. 1068/1069 – 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and the first born in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. He succeeded his elder brother William II as King of England in 1100 and defeated his eldest brother, Robert Curthose, to become Duke of Normandy in 1106. He was called Beauclerc for his scholarly interests and Lion of Justice for refinements which he brought about in the rudimentary administrative and legislative machinery of the time.
Henry's reign is noted for its political opportunism. His succession was confirmed while his brother Robert was away on the First Crusade and the beginning of his reign was occupied by wars with Robert for control of England and Normandy. He successfully reunited the two realms again after their separation on his father's death in 1087. Upon his succession he granted the baronage a Charter of Liberties, which formed a basis for subsequent challenges to rights of kings and presaged the Magna Carta, which subjected the King to law.
The rest of Henry's reign was filled with judicial and financial reforms. He established the biannual Exchequer to reform the treasury. He used itinerant officials to curb abuses of power at the local and regional level, garnering the praise of the people. The differences between the Anglo-Saxon and Norman populations began to break down during his reign and he himself married a daughter of the old Saxon royal house. He made peace with the church after the disputes of his brother's reign, but he could not smooth out his succession after the disastrous loss of his eldest son William in the wreck of the White Ship. His will stipulated that he was to be succeeded by his daughter, the Empress Matilda, but his stern rule was followed by a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.
William I of England (William the Conqueror) (Wiki); c. 1028 – 9 September 1087) was a medieval monarch. He ruled as the Duke of Normandy from 1035 to 1087 and as King of England from 1066 to 1087. As Duke of Normandy, William was known as William II, and, as King of England, as William I. He is commonly referred to as William the Conqueror (Guillaume le Conquérant) or William the Bastard (Guillaume le Bâtard).
In support of his claim to the English crown, William invaded England in 1066, leading an army of Normans to victory over the Anglo-Saxon forces of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings, and suppressed subsequent English revolts in what has become known as the Norman Conquest.
His reign brought Norman culture to England, which had an enormous impact on the subsequent course of England in the Middle Ages. In addition to political changes, his reign also saw changes to English law, a programme of building and fortification, changes in the English language and the introduction of continental European feudalism into England.
Henry II of England 5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. He ranks as the first of the Plantagenet or Angevin Kings.
Henry's father, Geoffrey Plantagenet, held rich lands as a vassal from Louis VII of France. Maine and Anjou were therefore Henry's by birthright, amongst other lands in Eastern France. By maternal claim, Normandy was also to be his. However, the most valuable inheritance Henry received from his mother was a claim to the English throne. Grand-daughter of William I of England, Empress Matilda's line was most entitled to the crown, but because she was female her cousin became Stephen I of England. Henry's efforts to restore the royalty line to his own family line would create a dynasty spanning three centuries and thirteen Kings.
Henry's marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine placed him firmly in the ascendancy . His plentiful lands were added to his new wife's possessions, giving him control of Aquitaine and Gascony. The riches of the markets and vineyards in these regions, combined with Henry's already plentiful holdings, made Henry the most power vassal in France.
Jesse Woodson James (September 5, 1847 – April 3, 1882) was an American outlaw, bank and train robber, guerrilla, and leader of the James–Younger Gang. Raised in the "Little Dixie" area of western Missouri, James and his family maintained strong Southern sympathies. He and his brother Frank James joined pro-Confederate guerrillas known as "bushwhackers" operating in Missouri and Kansas during the American Civil War. As followers of William Quantrill and "Bloody Bill" Anderson, they were accused of committing atrocities against Union soldiers and civilian abolitionists, including the Centralia Massacre in 1864.
His brother Alexander Franklin "Frank" James during his years as a bandit, Frank was involved in at least four robberies between 1868 and 1876 that resulted in the deaths of bank employees or citizens. The most famous incident was the disastrous Northfield, Minnesota, raid on September 7, 1876, that ended with the death or capture of most of the gang.
The James brothers were also accompanied by their cousin George W. Anderson during the Civil war in 1864 and 1865 (who is the author Jim Carney's 2nd great grandfather). As a young man of 16 and 17 years of age, George also rode with the Quantrill Unit and "Bloody Bill Anderson". Bloody Bill Anderson was also of Scottish descent and a ruthless killer and the band shot and scalped their unarmed prisoners among many other atrocities.
Germanicus Julius Caesar (Wiki) (24 May 15 BC–October 10, 19 AD) was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty of the early Roman Empire. He was called either Nero Claudius Drusus or Tiberius Claudius Nero at birth and received the agnomen "Germanicus", by which he is principally known, in 9 BC, when it was awarded to his father in honour of his victories in Germania.
Germanicus was very popular among the citizens of Rome, who celebrated enthusiastically all his victories. He was also a favourite with Augustus, his great-uncle and his wife's grandfather, who, for some time, considered him as heir to the Empire. In 4, at the persuasion of Livia (Augustus' wife), Augustus decided in favour of Tiberius, a stepson from Livia's first marriage. Augustus compelled Tiberius to adopt Germanicus as a son and name him as his heir. (Tacitus, Annals IV.57)
Germanicus assumed several
military commands leading the army in the campaigns
He is recorded to have been an excellent soldier and
inspired leader, loved by the legions.
In the year 12 he
was appointed consul
after five mandates as quaestor.
the Great ruled so many lands that he was called
different titles by his many languaged peoples.
Carolus Magnus, Karl der Grosse, Charlemagne, Charles
the Great. He ruled during the dark ages, a bright
star that scholars were inspired by for
centuries. Charles inherited only part of his
kingdom from his father, less than half of France and
the low countries. Before he died he had conquered
half of Europe, Italy, Germany and Spain. He held the
title, King of France, from 768 till his death in 814.
He held the title King of the Lombards (Italy) from
774 to 800. He gained the title of King of Germany in
785. He was the Frankish Emperor from 800-814. In a
Christmas Day ceremony in Rome in the year 800, he was
crowned Roman Emperor of the West by Pope Leo III.
Link) Charles was the youngest son of Louis I,
the Emperor of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire whose
territories included France. When Louis died in
840, his three sons fought over how the empire would
be divided among them. The empire (which had
come from his father Charlemegne) was divided
according to the Treaty of Verdun in 843 and Charles
received the western part of the empire thus becoming
the first to rule France as a separate kingdom.
Swedish king Domar (Old Norse Dómarr, "Judge")
of the House of Ynglings was the son of Domalde. He
was married to Drott, the sister of Dan the Arrogant
who gave his names to the Danes. Drott and Dan are in
this work said to be the children of Danp son of Ríg.
Attila c. 406–453), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, Alans and Bulgars, among others, in Central and Eastern Europe.
During his reign, he was one of the most feared enemies of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires. He crossed the Danube twice and plundered the Balkans, but was unable to take Constantinople. His unsuccessful campaign in Persia was followed in 441 by an invasion of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, the success of which emboldened Attila to invade the West. He also attempted to conquer Roman Gaul (modern France), crossing the Rhine in 451 and marching as far as Aurelianum (Orléans) before being stopped in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains.
He subsequently invaded Italy, devastating the
northern provinces, but was unable to take Rome. He planned for further
campaigns against the Romans, but died in 453.
After Attila's death, his close adviser, Ardaric of the Gepids, led a Germanic revolt
against Hunnic rule, after which the Hunnic Empire quickly collapsed.
Attila would live on as a character in Germanic heroic
legend. World History Link
- Attila the Hun.
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